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Early life[ edit ] Vairamuthu was born on July 13, to Ramasamy and his wife Angammal, who were agriculturalists based in the village of Mettoor , in the district of Theni , Tamil Nadu. In , his family was forced to move to Vadugapatti , another village in the Theni district, due to the construction of Vaigai Dam across the river Vaigai , which led to evacuation of 14 villages including Mettur.
In his new surroundings, he also took up agriculture in addition to his academics. From a very young age, Vairamuthu was drawn towards the language and literature of Tamil. The Dravidian movement in Tamil Nadu during the s, made a significant impression on his youth and he was inspired by several prominent individuals associated with language, such as Periyar E.
Karunanidhi , Subramania Bharathi , Bharathidasan and Kannadasan. He began writing poems from the age of ten and by his early teens, he was noted as a prominent orator and poet in his school. After his education, he began his professional career at the Tamil Nadu Official Language Commission in the mids, as a translator of law books and documents from English to Tamil, working under Justice Maharajan.
Family and personal life[ edit ] He is married to Ponmani, a Tamil scholar and former professor at the Meenakshi College for Women. They have two sons, Madhan Karky and Kabilan , who both work as lyricists and dialogue writers for Tamil films.
He also has two grandchildren, Haiku and Mettoori. Film career[ edit ] Debut and early years[ edit ] Upon reading his poems, he was signed on as a lyricist by the director P. Bharathiraja for the film Nizhalgal in the year The first song he wrote in his career, was "Pon Maalai Pozhuthu", which was composed by "Isaignani" Ilaiyaraaja and sung by S. The first song of his that was released, was "Batrakali Uttamaseeli" also composed by Ilaiyaraaja from the film Kaali , which was released four months before Nizhalgal.
Vairamuthu quit his career as a translator to work full-time in the film industry. After Nizhalgal, Vairamuthu and Ilaiyaraaja kicked off a successful collaboration which would last a little more than half a decade. Besides their work with Bharathiraja, the combination of the lyricist and the composer tasted success with more soundtracks such as Raja Paarvai, Ninaivellam Nithya , Nallavanukku Nallavan , Salangai Oli and Sindhu Bhairavi the latter two yielding Ilaiyaraaja his first two National Awards for Music Direction.
Vairamuthu also worked as a lyricist with composer M. Viswanathan on the film Thanneer Thanneer and V. Narasimhan on the films Achamillai Achamillai and Kalyana Agathigal. All three films were directed by K. In , he debuted as screenwriter for the film Natpu , directed by Ameerjan.
He later had three further collaborations as a writer with the director in Thulasi , Vanna Kanavugal and Vanakkam Vathiyare He also penned the dialogues for Andru Peytha Mazhaiyil , which was directed by the National award-winning cinematographer Ashok Kumar. Split with Ilaiyaraaja[ edit ] After K. His association with director Bharathiraja remained intact, as the duo worked together in the late s on films such as Vedham Pudhithu composed by Devendran and Kodi Parakuthu composed by Hamsalekha.
He also worked with Bollywood composers such as R. Resurgence[ edit ] In , K. Balachander signed Vairamuthu as a lyricist for three of his productions , which were set for release in the following year: Vaaname Ellai , Annamalai and Roja. The first film directed by Balachander himself was composed by M.
The album secured A. Following Roja, the combination of A. Rahman and Vairamuthu became heavily sought after, collaborating on several films throughout the next 25 years. Kaatru Veliyidai and Chekka Chivantha Vaanam Singers P. Unnikrishnan , S. Balasubrahmanyam , Shankar Mahadevan , Swarnalatha , K. Chitra and Shashaa Tirupati have all won National awards for their work in collaboration with this duo.
Vairamuthu is also known for his work in the 90s and early s with composer Deva , on popular soundtracks such as Annamalai, Baasha , Aasai , Once More , Arunachalam , Nerukku Ner , Vaali , Kushi , and Panchathanthiram. He has also worked extensively with Harris Jayaraj , D. Raghunanthan which secured him his sixth National Award for the film Thenmerku Paruvakaatru and Yuvan Shankar Raja the son of Ilaiyaraaja ; their association yielded him his seventh National Award for the film Dharma Durai.
During his nearly year career, he has worked with over music directors. In addition to lyrics, Vairamuthu has also penned poems which feature as part of the dialogue, on films such as Duet , Iruvar for the character played by Prakash Raj , and Aalavandhan for the character of Nandu; played by Kamal Haasan.
He has also penned lyrics for the theme songs of many Tamil television shows and jingles for advertisements, the most notable among them being the theme for the Tamil soap opera Chithi.
Contribution to literature[ edit ] Vairamuthu has written 37 books which include collections of poetry as well as novels in the Tamil language. Over 2. In , four of his books were released on the same day in a grand manner in Madurai by the ex-Chief Minister Karunanidhi. Notable works[ edit ] Kallikkattu Ithikasam The Saga of the Drylands Kallikkattu Ithikasam depicts the story of the people of a village who have turned refugees in independent India.
In the s, when Vaigai dam was constructed in Madurai District, 14 villages were vacated for creating the water catchment area. This novel narrates the tearful story of those refugees who lost their land under the water. The author is a child born to one such family and had lived through the misery of this migration in his childhood. The story portrays the tears, blood and pain of the villagers whose families were crushed as a result of modernization.
The soul of the novel echoes the truth behind the values of agrarian India and the virtues of farmers which are eternal. This saga won Vairamuthu the Sahitya Akademi Award for the Best Literary Work in the year , and has been translated into 22 languages. Karuvachchi Kaviyam The Epic of Karuvachchi Karuvachchi Kaviyam revolves around a vulnerable Indian village woman who has been enslaved by the illiterate male chauvinistic community.
This novel is a prophecy on the suicides of farmers five years before it had happened. The author was heartbroken when the poverty-stricken farmers who were unable to feed their families due to failure of monsoon, severe drought conditions, debt and despair, committed suicide. Other endeavors and philanthropic activities[ edit ] Vairamuthu has set up a foundation, the Vairamuthu Educational Trust, which provides funding to underprivileged families for education of their children.
From the proceeds of the sales of Moondram Ulaga Poor, a sum of Rs. He is the founder of the Vetri Tamizhar Peravai, which aims at uplifting society. He also donated a hospital building to the people of his native village of Karattuppatti , and started a library in the name of the esteemed poet Kannadasan , in his village of Vadugapatti.
He has also made contributions to victims of war as well to those of natural calamities. Sexual harassment allegations[ edit ] As a part of the MeToo movement , Vairamuthu was accused of sexual harassment in by singer Chinmayi Sripada.
Early life[ edit ] Vairamuthu was born on July 13, to Ramasamy and his wife Angammal, who were agriculturalists based in the village of Mettoor , in the district of Theni , Tamil Nadu. In , his family was forced to move to Vadugapatti , another village in the Theni district, due to the construction of Vaigai Dam across the river Vaigai , which led to evacuation of 14 villages including Mettur. In his new surroundings, he also took up agriculture in addition to his academics. From a very young age, Vairamuthu was drawn towards the language and literature of Tamil. The Dravidian movement in Tamil Nadu during the s, made a significant impression on his youth and he was inspired by several prominent individuals associated with language, such as Periyar E.