JORGE LUIS BORGES THE GARDEN OF FORKING PATHS PDF

Plot summary[ edit ] This article or section contains close paraphrasing of one or more non-free copyrighted sources. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Ideas in this article should be expressed in an original manner. August Learn how and when to remove this template message The story takes the form of a signed statement by a Chinese professor of English named Doctor Yu Tsun who is living in the United Kingdom during World War I.

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This explanation comes in the form of a personal account of events by German spy Dr. Yu Tsun , which begins in media res and continues to the point of his arrest. The account chronicles his escape from Allied Captain Richard Madden , and his effort to warn the Leader of Germany of where the Allied forces are planning to strike. Yu Tsun gets a head start on Captain Madden by fleeing by train; when he steps off the train, he confirms his location with a group of loitering boys, one of whom gives him directions to the home of Dr.

Stephen Albert , presuming he wants to go there. He tells Yu Tsun that he will find it if he takes a left at every crossing, which reminds Yu Tsun of the strategy of how to find the central courtyard of a specific type of maze. In a moment of meditation, Yu Tsun perceives all of time as a labyrinth, viewing himself as an abstract observer outside of time.

When Yu Tsun reaches Dr. Yu Tsun, absorbing this and seeing Captain Madden arrive, shoots Dr. Albert and is arrested.

Sentenced to hang, he is satisfied because he got the message to the Leader the only way he knew how: he killed someone with the name of the targeted city: Albert. Emma Zunz chronicles the revenge taken by the title character when she receives word by mail that her father, Emmanuel, has committed suicide.

She blames Aaron Loewenthal , the once-manager and now co-owner of the mill where her father worked, for his death.

Her father was arrested for charges of embezzlement leveled against him by Loewenthal, and before he was taken to prison, he told Emma that it was really Loewenthal who had embezzled the funds and framed him.

Because of this secret she has kept since that moment when he was taken away, Emma resolves to avenge his suicide. They speak of boys and, as usual, Emma expresses no interest though she is now Emma and Elsa end up joining the club. Emma forces herself to sleep that night in preparation for her tasks the following day. Emma first calls Loewenthal to suggest she has something to tell him regarding the strike currently taking place at the mill.

She deliberately chooses a man of short stature with a foul mouth to solicit for sex. He takes her to the back and has sex with her, an event she perceives as out of time except for a moment when she recognizes that this was what her mother and father did.

Her resolve to kill him wavers, yet she wants justice; he leaves to get her a glass of water, and returns to find her holding his revolver, at which point she immediately shoots him.

She tries to explain to him the justice of her act, but he is already dead. She then calls the police and reports that Loewenthal lead her to his office under the pretense of the strike, raped her, and she subsequently killed him.

It is believable because her shame and hatred were real, as well as her outrage - as the narrator says in closing, "all that was false were the circumstances, the time, and one or two proper names" Analysis The Garden of Forking Paths is one of the first instances of literature reflecting the notion of multiple possible futures and general timelines connected by events serving as nodes, where timelines converge and diverge.

This conception of time as a labyrinth, through which Yu Tsun finds himself led to his ultimate fate, is very much in line with some modern quantum mechanical ideas about the structure of reality and potential alternate realities. Regarding the structure of the story itself, the reader should note that the account of Yu Tsun begins in media res, and that the story following its conclusion presumably, his execution is "unreal, insignificant" In this way, Borges has essentially trimmed the narrative to the time in between two of the above-described nodes.

The labyrinthine path of choices down which Yu Tsun was led in the precise portion of the narrative presented was what led to the five-day delay in the Allied assault. This story is effectively a microcosm of the theory posited by Dr. Albert within it. Now, consider the different possible dimensions and readings of Emma Zunz.

As the final words of the story insinuate, all is ambiguous here because all the reader can be certain of are the sentiments of Emma.

One need only look at the premise of the story to see how precarious it is: Emma is trying to avenge a suicide, a concept which at its core is not particularly coherent. To make it coherent, one would have to interpret the suicide as an indirect murder, and such an act opens the door to the interpretive license with which Emma only becomes more liberal as the story progresses.

The tragic view of the story is that Emma, at her core, is a lost and helpless soul. She repeatedly has to steel her resolve and reaffirm her feelings; the ship wherefrom she finds her sexual target is named "North Star" in Swedish, implying what the narrator does more directly in other places: she is looking to disgust, revulsion, and malice in order to temper and guide the feelings she has over the loss of her father. Even when she lost the opportunity to demonstrate the justice of her design to Loewenthal, she carried it out.

In the end, her interpretive license led her to be more vengeful than righteous, even supposing that her father spoke the truth though her actions would certainly be closer to being balanced in terms of karma in that latter case.

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The Garden of Forking Paths

This explanation comes in the form of a personal account of events by German spy Dr. Yu Tsun , which begins in media res and continues to the point of his arrest. The account chronicles his escape from Allied Captain Richard Madden , and his effort to warn the Leader of Germany of where the Allied forces are planning to strike. Yu Tsun gets a head start on Captain Madden by fleeing by train; when he steps off the train, he confirms his location with a group of loitering boys, one of whom gives him directions to the home of Dr. Stephen Albert , presuming he wants to go there. He tells Yu Tsun that he will find it if he takes a left at every crossing, which reminds Yu Tsun of the strategy of how to find the central courtyard of a specific type of maze. In a moment of meditation, Yu Tsun perceives all of time as a labyrinth, viewing himself as an abstract observer outside of time.

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[PDF] The Garden of Forking Paths Book by Jorge Luis Borges Free Download (1 page)

The Garden of Forking Paths The Garden of Forking Paths Summary An anonymous narrator introduces a document that will, he assures us, shed a little light on why a British offensive against the Germans had to be delayed by thirteen days. The document is a deposition oral testimony given by a witness to be used in a trial given by Dr. Yu Tsun. The first two pages are missing, so its narration begins abruptly. Having learned that his cover as a German spy in London has been blown, Yu Tsun has only minutes to plan his next move. He must escape from Captain Richard Madden, the Irishman who has murdered his co-conspirator in espionage, and complete his mission by delivering the location of a secret cache of British weapons to his boss in Germany, whom he refers to as The Chief. He checks the contents of his pockets — revealing a revolver with only one bullet — locates the address of the one person capable of passing on his missive, and runs to catch a train to the suburbs.

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Jorge Borges: Short Stories Summary and Analysis of The Garden of Forking Paths and Emma Zunz

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