JOHANN ANDREAS EISENMENGER PDF

Johann Andreas Eisenmenger born in Mannheim , ; died in Heidelberg December 20, was a German Orientalist , now best known as the author of the antisemetic polemic, Entdecktes Judenthum Judaism Unmasked. Contents [ show ] Studies rabbinical literature The son of an official in the service of the Elector of the Palatinate Charles I Louis who had, in , offered Spinoza a chair in philosophy at Heidelberg , Eisenmenger received a good education, despite the early loss of his father to plague when he was 12 years old. He eventually mastered Hebrew , Arabic and Aramaic. He was sent by the Elector to England and Holland to pursue his studies there, and in Holland established amicable relations with figures like Rabbi David ben Aryeh Leib of Lida , [1] formerly of Lithuania , and then head of the Ashkenazi community in Amsterdam. An intended sojourn in Palestine was interrupted by the death of his sponsor in , who died in August of that year. Later scholars cite two episodes during his sojourn in Amsterdam, which may or may not be apocryphal, to account for the formation of his anti-Judaic outlook.

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He distinguished himself at the Collegium Sapientiae at Heidelberg by his zeal for Hebrew studies and Semitic languages.

He eventually mastered Hebrew , Arabic and Aramaic. He was sent by the Elector to England and Holland to pursue his studies there. He studied rabbinical literature with Jewish assistance for some 19 years both at Heidelberg and Frankfort-on-the-Main , under the pretense, it was rumoured, [1] of wishing to convert to Judaism. An intended sojourn in Palestine was interrupted by the death of his sponsor in , who died in August of that year. Later scholars cite two episodes during his sojourn in Amsterdam, which may or may not be apocryphal, to account for the formation of his anti-Judaic outlook.

It is said that he was a witness, in , to "otherwise unknown" attacks against Christianity by a senior rabbi there, identified as David Lida, [2] and that he grew indignant on finding that three Christians he met had had themselves circumcised and converted to Judaism.

His purpose, he avowed, was to have Jews recognize the errors of their ways and what he conceived to be the truth of Christianity. He demanded too an immediate ban on their synagogues, public worship, and communal leaders and rabbis. The aim of the riot was to pressure him over huge debts the Court had contracted for his services in financing the Habsburgs. However, the State refused to honour its debts to him. If any such proposed transaction was negotiated, nothing came of it.

Meanwhile two Jewish converts to Christianity in Berlin had brought charges against their former co-religionists of having blasphemed Jesus. King Frederick William I took the matter very seriously, and ordered an investigation. Almost forty years later the original edition was released. Precisely because of its extensive citations of primary sources in their original languages, with facing translations, it has long furnished antisemitic journalists and pamphleteers with their main arguments.

Eisenmenger undoubtedly possessed a great deal of knowledge. Contrary to accusations that have been made against him, he does not falsify his sources. What are often challenged are the many inferences he made from these texts, his tearing of citations from their context, the correctness of specific interpretations and, more importantly, his use of a relatively small number of texts within the huge chain of rabbinical commentary to characterise Judaism as a whole.

Some passages are misinterpreted; others are insinuations based on one-sided inferences; and even if this were not the case, a work which has for its object the presentation of the dark side of Jewish literature can not give us a proper understanding of Judaism.

In recent decades the kind of material from rabbinical sources which Eisenmenger exploited to attack Judaism in general has been often discussed in contextualising certain extremist currents in modern Jewish fundamentalism , of the kind observed in religious-political movements like those associated with the Lubavitcher Rebbe , Meir Kahane , Abraham Isaac Kook and his son Zvi Yehuda Kook , such as Kach and Gush Emunim.

Schieferl , Dresden, Further works Eisenmenger edited with Johannes Leusden the unvocalized Hebrew Bible, Amsterdam, , and wrote a Lexicon Orientale Harmonicum, which to this day has not been published. In confidential converse with Jew, pretending that he desired to be converted to Judaism, and in the profound study of their literature, which he learned from them, he sought only the dark side of both.

XVI p. Secret conversions to Judaism in early modern Europe, Brill, pp. Shoulson eds. Hebraica Veritas? Merbach p.

In his Memoirs ,Heine calls them de Geldern to hint at noble origins. See S. Jeffrey L. From the Time of Christ to the Court Jews. Schocken Books, New York p. Antisemitism, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, p.

Entdecktes Judenthum, , in German, online. Robinson, , online. Wetzer and Welte Kirchenlexikon; Allg. Deutsche Biographie. References Deutsch, Gotthard — Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 16, Volume 1. Retrieved December 28, Volume 2. Schaff, Philip Retrieved February 18,

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EISENMENGER, JOHANN ANDREAS:

Created Article[ edit ] This article currently consists of the Jewish Encyclopedia text. There is an image in the public domain that could be used for the article here. Is that a widely held viewpoint among scholars? I noted that he is not mentioned as such in this article. Both terms are current in the secondary literature, though I have found the latter term in my own arbitrary knowledge of the secondary literature on anti-Semitism, more frequent. Pranaitis in his testimony at the Mendel Beilis trial praised Eisenmenger and copied some of his terminology, using it incorrectly in a prepositional phrase. Precisely because of its extensive citations of original sources, in the original Hebrew with facing translations, it has long furnished antisemitic journalists and pamphleteers with their main arguments.

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He distinguished himself at the Collegium Sapientiae at Heidelberg by his zeal for Hebrew studies and Semitic languages. He eventually mastered Hebrew , Arabic and Aramaic. He was sent by the Elector to England and Holland to pursue his studies there. He studied rabbinical literature with Jewish assistance for some 19 years both at Heidelberg and Frankfort-on-the-Main , under the pretense, it was rumoured, [1] of wishing to convert to Judaism. An intended sojourn in Palestine was interrupted by the death of his sponsor in , who died in August of that year. Later scholars cite two episodes during his sojourn in Amsterdam, which may or may not be apocryphal, to account for the formation of his anti-Judaic outlook.

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Johann Andreas Eisenmenger

Studies Rabbinical Literature. Anti-Jewish author; born in Mannheim ; died in Heidelberg Dec. In Amsterdam he met three Christians who had been converted to Judaism, and this filled him with indignation. As a further cause of his hatred of Judaism, he claims the otherwise unknown attacks against Christianity which he heard from the mouth of David Lida, then rabbi of Amsterdam.

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