Appearance: colorless, oily liquid. Flash Point: 28 deg C. Flammable liquid and vapor. May cause severe eye irritation and possible injury. Breathing vapors may cause drowsiness and dizziness. Causes skin and respiratory tract irritation.
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Appearance: colorless liquid. Flash Point: 35 deg C. Causes severe eye irritation and possible eye injury. Flammable liquid and vapor. Breathing vapors may cause drowsiness and dizziness. Causes skin and respiratory tract irritation. May be harmful if swallowed. Aspiration hazard if swallowed. Can enter lungs and cause damage. May cause central nervous system depression.
Target Organs: Central nervous system, respiratory system, eyes, skin. Potential Health Effects Eye: Causes severe eye irritation. May cause corneal edema and inflammation. May cause lacrimation tearing , blurred vision, and photophobia. Vapors appear to cause a special vacuolar keratopathy in humans. Skin: Causes skin irritation. Skin absorption is slight. Repeated or prolonged exposure may cause drying and cracking of the skin. Although n-butanol can enter the circulation after topical application, the absorbed dose is insignificant compared to that from other routes.
Ingestion: May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal. Inhalation: Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause cardiovascular disturbances, hearing abnormalities, central nervous system depression, muscle weakness, and possible death due to respiratory failure.
May be absorbed through the lungs. Chronic: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis. May cause damage to the auditory nerve some hearing loss and vestibular injury. Animal evidence suggests that fetotoxicity and teratogenicity may be observed at doses that also cause harmful effects in the mothers. The systemic toxicity of n-butanol is low, although it may potentiate the hepatic liver toxicity of other inhaled compounds, such as carbon tetrachloride.
Section 4 - First Aid Measures Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for a t least 15 minutes. Get medical aid immediately. Skin: In case of contact, flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops and persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: Potential for aspiration if swallowed. Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If vomiting occurs naturally, have victim lean forward. Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid. Notes to Physician: Alcoholic beverage consumption may enhance the toxic effects of this substance. Persons with liver, kidney, or central nervous system diseases may be at increased risk from exposure to this product. Butanol is especially toxic if aspirated. Treat symptomatically and supportively. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back.
Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Extinguishing Media: Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam. Flash Point: 35 deg C Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. Use only non-sparking tools and equipment. Section 7 - Handling and Storage Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Use only with adequate ventilation. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame.
Storage: Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection Engineering Controls: Use process enclosure, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to control airborne levels below recommended exposure limits.
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Exposure Limits.
Appearance: colorless liquid. Flash Point: 35 deg C. Causes severe eye irritation and possible eye injury. Flammable liquid and vapor.