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Reproduction opens gulf between death which implies continuity. In asexual reproduction 1st discontinuous being disappears and 2nd new beings arise with an instant of continuity between. These creatures have an inside. Sexual creatures unite in fusion - discontinuous yearn for continuity individuality hard to bear.
Inner experience must be universal with some arbitrariness E The conditions of an impersonal inner experience; the contradictory experiences of taboos and transgressions: knowledge of eroticism and religion demand contradiction between prohibitions and transgressions.
This minimizes the significance of the experience. Objectivity sees Religion and Erotic experience as monstrous, in Science taboos are seen as irrational but science depends on subject denying themselves to get at objects. This is OK if it opposes eroticism, but such opposition is not justified and so neither is scientific attitude in studying eroticism.
Taboo acting for science externalizes the object and removing terror in order to attain clarity. Since science depends on taboos it tries to subdue the violence by prohibition. But if awareness tries to focus on violent impulses it must do so using the taboos necessary to its function. But then taboos if not transgressed eliminate the very consciousness to be studied. So anguish at the heart of taboo. Work demands rational constraint, delayed gratification, the collective is dedicated to work defined by necessary taboos.
Taboo on death is distances work from violence. Work includes reason and accepts identity with the transformed object causal 3 laws of operation - Humans identified with the rational world of work and opposed to the world of violence. E The taboo on murder: A special case of taboo on violence - early human thought all death is caused by violence. So everyone dies of murder. The forces that murdered dead man must not be released on the others. Taboo works in the community of work cuts off violence , but not re: strangers.
Chapter III: Taboos Related to Reproduction A The taboo universally found in man as opposed to the sexual freedom of animals: Evidence of early human sexual activity only since Upper Paleolithic art - Ithyphallic images. Sexual activity is a form of violence as opposed to work, as impulse it can interfere of work. So taboo against sex during work.
Some restriction on sexual between are a cultural universals, e. So while no particular form of taboo e. Childbearing is also excessive, rending process outside order and denial of established order by bringing being out of nothingness.
Life also negation of death, horror of death and decay, but bones appease rancor of corruption. So bones revered. Life is instability and disorder, swelling on the verge of explosion which exhausts its resources and requires death of exhausted to make room for more life.
The more 4 extravagant and excessive the means of engendering life, the more successful. In general human life strives to excess to the point of anguish unbearable.
In the end we want the honor of annihilation and yet regard it as impossible, a luxury of torment. Taboos are refusals to expend life in an orgy of annihilation. So sex and death not distinguishable since both are festivals of excess. The taboos re: sex and death are unified in destructive frenzy.
Chapter V: Transgression A The transgression does not deny the taboo but transcends it and completes it: There is a prohibition that cannot be transgressed, some transgression is permitted and some prescribed. Taboos are irrational e. Transgression is violence used by a rational creature. War arises when threshold of taboo on murder is crossed.
Organized transgression and taboo organize social life: frequency and regularity of transgression gives increased force to prohibitions. B Transgression without limits: Transgression is often rule governed unlimited transgression is only possible sometimes e.
Mechanism of transgression: taboo holds violence in check, this barrier is seen to be ineffective king is dead , unleashing penned up violence. During work consumption is minimized. Sacred days are feast days when forbidden things are allowed or required and expenditure is mandated. Accepting violence is vertiginous. So Religion is moving force behind breaking taboos, founded on feeling of awe and terror and reaffirming taboos by transgression of the law.
Consciousness of the void exalts and makes us aware of transgression. It is only done in rituals. Cannibals know that this is forbidden and sacred and the very prohibition incites, the desire, creates it. B Duels, feuds and war: Taboo limits killing to special occasions like sex.
Duels, feuds and war are exceptions. Duels served religious intent and were public confrontations between factions in ordered precision.
Hunting takes on the significance of religious violation, so hunters need to be purified. This view better than anguish utilitarian view. D The earliest record of war: War was unknown to Paleolithics, then killing became ritualized as war. War requires rules, demarcating groups, declaration of hostilities, same qualities of feast days, fancy dress, etc.
War was, at first, a luxury, extravagant and exuberant. E The distinction between ritual and calculated forms of war: War, first, was an expression of feelings in ceremonial rites.
War starts as a game of status and degenerates into pitiless struggle. War oscillates between rule guided end and means to political results. Once loosed frenzy was boundless. F Cruelty and organized war: War often prelude to torture.
Cruelty is here typically human, e. Violence is organized in transgression of taboos. Cruelty is, like eroticism, a premeditated form conscious of intent to transgress. In war a return to animality is inconceivable, always stress the human character of violence.
Modern warfare separates masses from the transgressive pleasure. Modern warfare is unsatisfying. Animals usually sacrificed and regarded like humans, but more sacred because they had no taboos. So killing an animal rouses feelings of sacrilege, animals are violent yet early humans thought they must know the law.
So they deliberately broke the law. In death they are entirely in the power of violence. This elevates the victim above the ordinary customs and turns that order on its head. Death pays back animal violations. Theory of Religion] taboo distances from violence. Transgressions open to violence and animal, cave paintings seldom depict humans or hide them in animal masks signs of shame? B Beyond anguish: Anguish shows withdrawal before blind surge of life.
Anguish and the art of its transcendence is the denial of cycle of death and reproduction make humanity. Life excessive and we desire what endangers our life. If danger is too great then both inevitable and desire abates. Anguish desired to transcend death, but only if anguish is appropriate. Anguish desired in sacrifice and recoils when bounds overstepped. In 6 transgression sin and expiation are deliberate acts.
This is altered in Christianity the passion is not a deliberate transgression B The ancient comparison of sacrifice and erotic intercourse: Transgressive acts intentionally removal of discontinuous to continuous existence as in erotic act which strips beloved of identity and exposes her to impersonal violence of sexual organs.
The chance to explore the similarity of feelings of piety in sacrifice and in eroticism was lost when Christianity gave up the desire to use violent means to discover existence.
C The flesh in sacrifice and in love: Sacrifice brings life and death with continuity by eating the sacrificial meat. We hide killing of meat today. Yet it also returns, flesh signifies threatening freedom. D The flesh, decency and the taboo on sexual freedom: Decency is chance matter of time and place. Excess energy always expended by life either in growth or waste.
Sissiparous growth is a discontinuous split: reproduction as growth dividing out of a state of plethora. B The growth of the whole and the contribution of individuals: Sex is growth but not growth of the being reproducing, impersonal growth, individual loss contributes to group growth, giver must give and then find itself in the gift. C Death and continuity in asexual and sexual reproduction: Plethora initiates pressure towards crisis of division, violent agitation of the whole organism pushes continuity to its limit in discontinuity of the split.
Compare plethora of sexual organs. Both crises originate in superabundance and are bound with group reproduction and in both individuals disappear.
Cell division is not immortality: a disappears and aa and aaa appear. Both push overall continuity to its limit, death appears where continuity appears and discontinuity disappears, only discontinuous beings die. D A return to inner experience: Humans think of their discontinuity as the deepest part of their being. This hides continuity.
GEORGES BATAILLE EROTISM DEATH SENSUALITY PDF
Marriage is for the man who gives the woman he could have had. Eroticism by Georges Bataille Issue 46 Philosophy Now Fear and horror are not the real and final reaction; on the contrary, they are sensualty temptation to overstep the bounds. Duels, feuds and war are exceptions. Beauty denies the animal and awakens desire by frustrating it and sanctifying animal parts. Lost Subjects, Contested Objects: Speechless solitude needs erotiism justification which requires the very moral energy in question. The second are all, I suspect, dubitable.
File:Bataille Georges Erotism Death and Sensuality.pdf
Reproduction opens gulf between death which implies continuity. In asexual reproduction 1st discontinuous being disappears and 2nd new beings arise with an instant of continuity between. These creatures have an inside. Sexual creatures unite in fusion - discontinuous yearn for continuity individuality hard to bear. Inner experience must be universal with some arbitrariness E The conditions of an impersonal inner experience; the contradictory experiences of taboos and transgressions: knowledge of eroticism and religion demand contradiction between prohibitions and transgressions. This minimizes the significance of the experience.
Erotism: Death & Sensuality Summary & Study Guide
Man goes constantly in fear of himself. His erotic urges terrify him. The saint turns from the voluptuary in alarm; she does not know that his unacknowledgeable passions and her own are really one. The cohesion of the human spirit whose potentialities range from the ascetic to the volpptuous may nevertheless be sought.
Erotism: Death and Sensuality
This book, written in , places both eroticism an experience of sexual stimulation and death at the core of fundamental human experience. Examining both within the thematic context of what society defines as "taboo", the author explores themes relating to the necessity and meaning of transgressing such taboos, as well as the existential tension between continuity union and discontinuity separation. The author introduces his examination of the relationship between eroticism and death, as well as other aspects of human existence and relationships, with an expression of his intention to undertake this examination from a non-scientific perspective. That particular perspective, he suggests, considers facts and experiences in isolation from one another, rather than as components of what contemporary theorists and practitioners might call a "holistic" or "organic" approach. In other words, he is interested in how aspects of being human relate to and with each other, rather than considering them on their own merits and meanings. Following the introduction, the book is divided into two parts.