One of the architects was Giuseppe Terragni. Dante and His Poem, Michelangelo All architects design projects which are never built, whether for financial, ideological, or personal reasons. Guiseppe Terrangi, a successful architect, is included here because of two buildings which defined his work: the built Casa del Fascio in Como — , and the unbuilt Danteum. The Case de Fascio were to be the embodiment of Fascism in their cities.
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One of the architects was Giuseppe Terragni. Dante and His Poem, Michelangelo All architects design projects which are never built, whether for financial, ideological, or personal reasons. Guiseppe Terrangi, a successful architect, is included here because of two buildings which defined his work: the built Casa del Fascio in Como — , and the unbuilt Danteum.
The Case de Fascio were to be the embodiment of Fascism in their cities. This was the state — the expression of Il Duce — literally made concrete and imposed on the masses. The glass enclosed central atrium was meant as the staging point for mass Fascist rallies. This is an anti-Humanist building, and as such a paragon of the International Style as it was developing between the World Wars.
The ground floor plan shows the entrance, cortile, arcade, and vertical circulation almost identical to the Palazzo Farnese. Terragni became famous in the years leading up to Italy joining in the war, with public and private commissions. Danteum plans The project for the Danteum was conceived as rigidly geometric, based on the square and the golden rectangle, constructed from squares. As the Divine Comedy includes references to numerology and geometry, the poem could be seen as a written allegory of the physical structure of the afterlife.
Terragni, in his turn, took the text and designed a physical model of that written allegory, also using numerology and geometry. Michelangelo above , and Botticelli , painted canonical images.
Danteum, Colisseum in background This panel of the presentation to Mussolini shows the hierarchy of the State and history. The Colosseum as representation of the Roman Empire underpinning of Fascism, the rectilinear insertion into a non-geometric space, the sheer size of the Danteum as a non-humanistic structure, and finally what appears to be the will of the people as expressed in graffiti.
Biography[ edit ] Giuseppe Terragni was born to a prominent family in Meda , Lombardy. In he and his brother Attilio opened an office in Como. A pioneer of the modern movement in Italy , Terragni produced some of its most significant buildings. A founding member of the fascist Gruppo 7 and a leading Italian Rationalist, Terragni fought to move architecture away from neo-classical and neo-baroque revivalism. In he and other progressive members of Gruppo 7 issued the manifesto that made them the leaders in the fight against revivalism. In a career that lasted only 13 years, Terragni created a small but remarkable group of designs; most of them were built in Como, which was one of the centers of the Modern Movement in Italy. These works form the nucleus of the language of Italian rationalist or modernistic architecture.
The Danteum / Giuseppe Terragni
Il 10 novembre del , a Palazzo Venezia , Valdameri e i progettisti presentarono il progetto ottenendo il consenso del Duce. Di questi elaborati progettuali rimangono alcune copie delle tavole dei pannelli con i bassorilievi che erano stati fotografati e inseriti nei disegni. Della relazione sul Danteum rimane un abbozzo lacunoso, una copia dattiloscritta danneggiata a cui dovevano essere accompagnate alcune illustrazioni che non sono disponibili. Da questi residui progettuali si possono tuttavia ricostruire le idee architettoniche ed i processi progettuali di Terragni . Terragni sceglie di basare il progetto sulla Divina Commedia  , per cui il progetto si pone come obiettivo quello della traduzione, di modelli spaziali astratti in una realizzazione formale .
The intention was to celebrate the famous Italian poet Dante, extol the virtues of a strong fascist state, that bases its foundations on the glory of imperial Rome. The residues of the project give us the unfulfilled dream of Terragni for a monument to Dante, in which the Divine Comedy was projected in an architectural scheme. The project was commissioned by Valdameri to Terragni and Pietro Lingeri and was supported by steel industrialist Milanese the count Alessandro Poss who had made available the sum of two million lire as a personal contribution to the project execution. Valdameri had also proposed a board of directors of twenty members to the nascent institution, made up of ministers, supporters and intellectuals, under the high supervision of the Head of government Mussolini. The Valdameri himself had proposed some names for the board, including Giovanni Gentile and Ugo Ojetti. The November 10, , at the Palazzo Venezia, the Valdameri and the designers present the project and they obtained the consent of the Duce. However, because of the political developments that led to the entrance into the war, the subsequent hearings to discuss the project, still they had been continuously postponed.