NOTE 5—Thickness methods that rely on the purity of the zinc deposit may not be sufficiently accurate when evaluating coatings produced from non-cyanide zinc solutions. Responsibility for Inspection S1. The black layer has also additional target —prevention of light reflection from the part and is used for optical parts. The designer and engineer must take into account several considerations to stay at the forefront of the finish potential.
|Published (Last):||23 November 2010|
|PDF File Size:||11.2 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.46 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
Also, choosing a camera that can e12 a fast refresh-rate in live mode will help when focusing or positioning the sample. In addition to analyzing these grains size and distribution trends, rigorous internal quality-control procedures may require that these results be well documented and rgain for future reference.
In many instances, overall accuracy and repeatability, as well as reproducibility has shown improvement. The precision of the method is a function of the number of intercepts or intersections counted.
Sorry, this page is not available in your country. A manual or motorized XY scanning stage is required to manipulate the sample and position at the area of interest for observation and analysis. Equivalent inch-pound values, when listed, are in parentheses and may be approximate. Aerospace component manufactures need to pay strict attention to the grains characteristics of an aluminum component used in the landing gear of a commercial aircraft.
Image of Grains in Steel at x Magnification. For example, because human life may be at stake, automotive manufactures study the size and distribution of grains in a particular alloy to determine if a newly designed automotive component will hold up under extreme circumstances.
Grain analysis via the Planimetric method. Because an accurate count can be made without need of marking off intercepts or intersections, the intercept method is faster than the planimetric method for the same level of precision. Since the grain size is being estimated by the operator, these methodologies can produce inaccurate and unrepeatable results, often not reproducible between different operators. This means that the actual, calibrated pixel size must be smaller than nm providing the required 3 pixels per smallest distinguishable feature.
For higher degrees of accuracy in determining average grain size, the intercept sizze planimetric procedures may be used. At the time of purchase, the user should determine if the Intercept or Planimetric method is more appropriate. Although this may sound confusing, a general rule of thumb is that most common material-science microscopy specific cameras 3MP or greater considering the pixel asttm of most common CCD and CMOS sensors are recommended for Grains analysis.
Fracture Grain Size Method. Example of a microscope eyepiece reticle used to compare against a live image. Results of Interlaboratory Grain Size Determinations. Partially recrystallized wrought alloys and lightly to moderately cold-worked material may be considered as consisting of non-equiaxed grains, if a grain size measurement is necessary.
A typical equipment configuration for analyzing grains via digital image-analysis consists of: Enter the modern digital metallurgical QC laboratory. Since the results are calculated internally within the image-analysis software, the guesswork attributed to the human element is removed. When considering a turn-key solution for automatic grains analysis, working directly with an experienced material-science specific microscope manufacturer is of utmost importance, as they can assist you in every step of this process, from equipment selection to full deployment.
The intercept procedure is particularly useful for structures consisting of elongated grains see Section TOP Related Posts.
PM companies eye a new future of taking medicine
American Society for Testing and Materials.